Near the junction of the Forth and Clyde and the Union Canals, Falkirk grew up as a centre of heavy industry - especially iron and steel - during the nineteenth century. However, the roots of the town actually lie much further back; this was one of the most important centres on the Antonine Wall - the northern frontier of occupation during the time of the Romans. There were two major battles here; the first saw the defeat of William Wallace in 1298, whilst in 1746 it was Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobites that were victorious over the government.
Recent years have seen a revival in the town's fortunes, largely centred on the Falkirk Wheel - a millenium project and now one of the most important tourist attractions in Scotland. This spectacular feat of engineering is a rotating boat-lift, carrying canal boats up from the Forth and Clyde to the Union canal above, and it makes the centrepiece for several walks along the tow-paths and Roman remains.
|Underground/Overground Canal Circular, Falkirk||2.5km||1 hour|
|The Pineapple and Dunmore Estate, near Airth||4.75km||1 - 1.5 hours|
|Callendar Park and House, Falkirk||5.25km||1- 1.5 hours|
|Falkirk Wheel - two canals circuit, near Falkirk||5.75km||1- 1.5 hours|
|The Kelpies and the Helix, Falkirk||6.25km||1.5 - 2 hours|
|Blackness Castle, from near Bo'ness||8.5km||2 - 2.5 hours|
|Falkirk Wheel, Bonnybridge and Antonine Wall, near Falkirk||7km||1.5 - 2 hours|
|Forth & Clyde and Union Canals towpath||101km||6 stages|
|The John Muir Way||212km||10 stages|
|Scottish National Trail||864km||6 weeks|